Anthony Wayne England (born May 15, 1942), better known as Tony England, is an American, former NASA astronaut. Selected in 1967, England was among a group of astronauts who served as backups during the Apollo and Skylab programs. Like most others in his class, he flew during the Space Shuttle program, serving as a mission specialist on STS-51F in 1985. He has logged more than 3,000 hours of flying time and 188 hours in space.
England is currently dean of the College of Engineering and Computer Science at the University of Michigan's Dearborn campus.
Early years and educationEdit
England was born May 15, 1942, in Indianapolis, Indiana, but his hometown is West Fargo, North Dakota. He attended primary school in Indianapolis, Indiana, and graduated from high school in North Dakota. At the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) he received his Bachelor of Science and Master of Science degrees in Earth and planetary sciences (course 12A) in 1965, and a Doctor of Philosophy degree in Earth and planetary sciences in 1970. England was a graduate fellow at MIT for the three years immediately preceding his first assignment to NASA.
England was selected as a scientist-astronaut by NASA in August 1967, as part of the 6th astronaut selection. At 25 years 81 days old, he was the youngest candidate to be selected up to that time. He subsequently completed the initial academic training and a 53-week course in flight training at Laughlin Air Force Base, Texas, and served as a support crewman for the Apollo 13 and 16 flights. He was also an EVA CapCom during the Apollo 16 mission, talking to the astronauts while they explored the surface of the moon. Notably, he developed and communicated instructions for construction of the lithium hydroxide canisters on Apollo 13. He left NASA for the U.S. Geological Survey in 1972.
He was deputy chief of the Office of Geochemistry and Geophysics for the U.S. Geological Survey, and associate editor for the Journal of Geophysical Research. He served on the National Academy's Space Studies Board, and on several federal committees concerned with Antarctic policy, nuclear waste containment, and federal science and technology.
England returned to the Johnson Space Center in 1979 as a senior scientist-astronaut (mission specialist), was assigned to the operation mission development group of the Astronaut Office, and eventually managed that group.
Space shuttle flightEdit
STS-51-F, carrying a seven-man crew and Spacelab-2, was launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida on July 29, 1985. This mission was the first pallet-only Spacelab mission and the first mission to operate the Spacelab Instrument Pointing System (IPS). It carried 13 major experiments of which seven were in the field of astronomy and solar physics, three were for studies of the Earth's ionosphere, two were life science experiments, and 1 studied the properties of superfluid helium. England was responsible for activating and operating the Spacelab systems, operating the IPS and the Remote Manipulator System, assisting with experiment operations, and performing a contingency EVA had one been necessary. After 126 orbits of the Earth, STS 51-F Challenger landed at Edwards Air Force Base, California, on August 6, 1985.
From May 1986 to May 1987, England served as a program scientist for the International Space Station. From June 1987 to December 1987, he taught Remote Sensing Geophysics at Rice University. England retired from NASA in 1988.
England is dean of the College of Engineering and professor of electrical engineering and computer science, professor of atmospheric, oceanic, and space science, and director of the Center for Spatial Analysis at the University of Michigan. From 2005-2010, England served as associate dean for academic affairs in the College of Engineering on the Dearborn campus.
England is married to the former Kathleen Ann Kreutz and has two daughters. His recreational interests include sailing and amateur radio.
England's career is chronicled in the book NASA's Scientist-Astronauts by David Shayler and Colin Burgess.
Awards and honorsEdit
- Johnson Space Center Superior Achievement Award (1970)
- NASA Outstanding Scientific Achievement Medal (1973)
- U.S. Antarctic Medal (1979)
- NASA Space Flight Medal (1985)
- American Astronomical Society Space Flight Award (1986)
- NASA Exceptional Service Medal (1988)
- Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Exceptional Service Award for 1994
- College of Engineering Excellence in Faculty Service Award for 1995 (Michigan)
- Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
- As the second amateur radio operator to operate from space, England and fellow astronaut Owen K. Garriott were honored with a Special Achievement Award from the Dayton Hamvention in 2002.
- IEEE Judith A. Resnik Award (2004), "for significant contributions to the development and application of spaceborne microwave radiometry to remote sensing".
- ↑ "MIT : Alumni". Alum.mit.edu. http://alum.mit.edu. Retrieved 25 October 2014.
- ↑ "Astronaut Selection: NASA 6 Selection". spacefacts.de. http://spacefacts.de/groups/english/nasa6.htm. Retrieved 21 Dec 2014.
- ↑ "Apollo 16 Lunar Surface Journal". Hq.nasa.gov. http://www.hq.nasa.gov/alsj/a16/a16.html. Retrieved 25 October 2014.
- ↑ "Astronaut Bio: Anthony W. England". Jsc.nasa.gov. http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/england-aw.html. Retrieved 25 October 2014.
- ↑ "IEEE Judith A. Resnik Award Recipients". IEEE. http://www.ieee.org/documents/resnik_rl.pdf. Retrieved April 2, 2011.
- ↑ "IEEE Judith A. Resnik Award Recipients - 2004 - Anthony England". IEEE. http://www.ieee.org/about/awards/bios/resnik_recipients.html. Retrieved April 2, 2011.
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