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Apollo program

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The '''Apollo program''' was the [[Human spaceflight|spaceflight]] effort that landed the [[Moonwalkers|first humans on Earth's Moon]].
 
The '''Apollo program''' was the [[Human spaceflight|spaceflight]] effort that landed the [[Moonwalkers|first humans on Earth's Moon]].
   
Conceived during the Presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower and carried out by the [[NASA|National Aeronautics and Space Administration]] of the United States (NASA), Apollo began in earnest after President John F. Kennedy proposed the national goal of "landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to the Earth" by the end of the 1960s in a May 25, 1961 address to Congress.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-Special_Message_0-0">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollo_program#cite_note-Special_Message-0 &#91;1&#93;]</sup><sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-Cox.2C_pp._16-17_1-0">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollo_program#cite_note-Cox.2C_pp._16-17-1 &#91;2&#93;]</sup>
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Conceived during the Presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower and carried out by the [[NASA|National Aeronautics and Space Administration]] of the United States (NASA), Apollo began in earnest after President [[John F. Kennedy]] proposed the national goal of "landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to the Earth" by the end of the 1960s in a May 25, 1961 address to Congress.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-Special_Message_0-0">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollo_program#cite_note-Special_Message-0 &#91;1&#93;]</sup><sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-Cox.2C_pp._16-17_1-0">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollo_program#cite_note-Cox.2C_pp._16-17-1 &#91;2&#93;]</sup>
   
 
Kennedy's goal was accomplished with the [[Apollo 11]] mission when astronauts [[Neil Armstrong]] and [[Buzz Aldrin]] landed their [[Apollo Lunar Module|Lunar Module]] (LM) on the Moon on July 20, 1969 and walked on its surface while [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Collins_%28astronaut%29 Michael Collins] remained in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lunar_orbit lunar orbit] in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollo_Command/Service_Module command spacecraft], and all three landed safely on Earth on July 24. Five subsequent Apollo missions also landed [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Astronaut astronauts] on the Moon, the last in December 1972. In these six spaceflights, 12 men walked on the Moon. These are the only times humans have landed on another [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celestial_body celestial body].<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-2">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollo_program#cite_note-2 &#91;3&#93;]</sup>
 
Kennedy's goal was accomplished with the [[Apollo 11]] mission when astronauts [[Neil Armstrong]] and [[Buzz Aldrin]] landed their [[Apollo Lunar Module|Lunar Module]] (LM) on the Moon on July 20, 1969 and walked on its surface while [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Collins_%28astronaut%29 Michael Collins] remained in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lunar_orbit lunar orbit] in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollo_Command/Service_Module command spacecraft], and all three landed safely on Earth on July 24. Five subsequent Apollo missions also landed [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Astronaut astronauts] on the Moon, the last in December 1972. In these six spaceflights, 12 men walked on the Moon. These are the only times humans have landed on another [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celestial_body celestial body].<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-2">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollo_program#cite_note-2 &#91;3&#93;]</sup>
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