Edgar Dean "Ed" Mitchell (September 17, 1930 – February 4, 2016) (Captain, USN) was an American naval officer and aviator, test pilot, aeronautical engineer, ufologist and NASA astronaut. As the Lunar Module Pilot of Apollo 14, he spent nine hours working on the lunar surface in the Fra Mauro Highlands region, making him the sixth person to walk on the Moon.
Early life and educationEdit
Mitchell was born on September 17, 1930, in Hereford, Texas. He came from a ranching family that moved to New Mexico during the Depression and considered Artesia, New Mexico (near Roswell) as his hometown. He first learned to fly at 13 and was active in the Boy Scouts of America where he achieved its second highest rank, Life Scout. He was also a member of DeMolay International, part of the Masonic Fraternity, and was inducted into its Hall of Fame. Mitchell was a member of Artesia Lodge #29 in New Mexico. He enjoyed handball, tennis, and swimming, and his hobbies included scuba diving and soaring.
He graduated from Artesia High School in 1948. Mitchell received a Bachelor of Science degree in Industrial Management from the Carnegie Institute of Technology in 1952. The following year he joined the U.S. Navy, and completed basic training at San Diego Recruit Depot. While on active duty in the Navy, he earned a bachelor's degree in Aeronautical Engineering from the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School in 1961, and a Doctor of Science degree in Aeronautics and Astronautics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1964.
He was twice divorced, and had three children, three stepchildren, and nine grandchildren.
In May 1953, after completing instruction at the Officer Candidate School at Newport, Rhode Island, he was commissioned an Ensign. He completed flight training in July 1954 at Hutchinson, Kansas, was designated as a Naval Aviator and was subsequently assigned to Patrol Squadron 29 (VP-29) flying land-based patrol planes, deployed to Okinawa. From 1957 to 1958, he transitioned to carrier-based jet aircraft and flew the A3D Skywarrior while assigned to Heavy Attack Squadron Two (VAH-2) deployed aboard the aircraft carriers USS Bon Homme Richard and USS Ticonderoga. He qualified as a research pilot and flew with Air Development Squadron Five until 1959. From 1964 to 1965 he served as Chief, Project Management Division of the Navy Field Office for the Manned Orbiting Laboratory. From 1965 to 1966 he attended Aerospace Research Pilot School in preparation for astronaut duties, and certification as a test pilot, graduating first in his class. Mitchell served as an instructor in advanced mathematics and navigation theory for astronaut candidates.
Mitchell was a member of the Kappa Sigma fraternity, and carried one of the order's badges to the Moon; it is now kept at his home chapter of Kappa Sigma at Carnegie Mellon University.
He accumulated 5,000 hours flight time, including 2,000 hours in jet aircraft.
- Main article: Apollo 14
During the mission, he took photos, including the one with Shepard raising the American flag. In the photo Mitchell's shadow is cast over the lunar surface near the flag. That photo was listed on Popular Science's photo gallery of the best astronaut selfies.
On June 29, 2011, the federal government of the United States filed a lawsuit against Mitchell in the United States district court in Miami, Florida after discovering that he placed a camera used on Apollo 14 for auction at the auction house Bonhams. The litigation requested the camera be returned to NASA. Mitchell's position was that NASA had given him the camera as a gift upon the completion of the Apollo 14 mission. Bonhams withdrew the camera from auction. In October 2011, attorneys representing the government and Mitchell reached a settlement agreement, and Mitchell agreed to return the camera to NASA, which in turn would donate it for display at the National Air and Space Museum. On September 20, 2012, Congress enacted H.R. 4158, confirming full ownership rights of artifacts to astronauts on Apollo (and Mercury and Gemini) space missions.
Mitchell's interests included consciousness and paranormal phenomena. On his way back to Earth during the Apollo 14 flight he had a powerful savikalpa samādhi experience, and also claimed to have conducted private ESP experiments with his friends on Earth. The results of said experiments were published in the Journal of Parapsychology in 1971. He was the founder of the Institute of Noetic Sciences (IONS) for the purpose of consciousness research and other "related phenomena". On the Opie and Anthony radio show, Buzz Aldrin described a psychic communication experiment that Mitchell conducted during the Apollo 14 flight, wherein Mitchell attempted to transmit information to participants on Earth.
Mitchell claimed that a teenage remote healer living in Vancouver and using the pseudonym "Adam Dreamhealer" helped him heal kidney cancer from a distance. Mitchell said that while he never had a biopsy, "I had a sonogram and MRI that was consistent with renal carcinoma." Adam worked (distantly) on Mitchell from December 2003 until June 2004, when the "irregularity was gone and we haven't seen it since".
Views on UFOsEdit
Mitchell publicly expressed his opinions that he was "90 percent sure that many of the thousands of unidentified flying objects, or UFOs, recorded since the 1940s, belong to visitors from other planets". Dateline NBC conducted an interview with Mitchell on April 19, 1996, during which he discussed meeting with officials from three countries who claimed to have had personal encounters with extraterrestrials. He offered his opinion that the evidence for such "alien" contact was "very strong" and "classified" by governments, who were covering up visitations and the existence of alien beings' bodies in places such as Roswell, New Mexico. He further claimed that UFOs had provided "sonic engineering secrets" that were helpful to the U.S. government. Mitchell's book, The Way of the Explorer, discusses his journey into mysticism and space.
In 2004, he told the St. Petersburg Times that a "cabal of insiders" in the U.S. government were studying recovered alien bodies, and that this group had stopped briefing U.S. Presidents after John F. Kennedy. He said, "We all know that UFOs are real; now the question is where they come from."
On July 23, 2008, Edgar Mitchell was interviewed on Kerrang Radio by Nick Margerrison. Mitchell claimed the Roswell crash was real and that aliens have contacted humans several times, but that governments have hidden the truth for 60 years, stating: "I happen to have been privileged enough to be in on the fact that we've been visited on this planet, and the UFO phenomenon is real." In reply, a spokesman for NASA stated: "NASA does not track UFOs. NASA is not involved in any sort of cover-up about alien life on this planet or anywhere in the universe. Dr Mitchell is a great American, but we do not share his opinions on this issue."
In an interview with Fox News on July 25, 2008, Mitchell clarified that his comments did not involve NASA, but quoted unnamed sources, since deceased, at Roswell who confided to him that the Roswell incident did involve an alien craft. Mitchell also claims to have subsequently received confirmation from an unnamed intelligence officer at the Pentagon.
In an interview for AskMen published March 6, 2014, Mitchell said that he had never seen a UFO, that no one had ever threatened him over his claims regarding UFOs, and that any statements about the covering up of UFOs being a worldwide cabal was "just speculation on my part."
In 2015, Mitchell made what Huffington Post U.K. characterized as "the astonishing claim that it was aliens, not diplomacy, which prevented the Cold War from descending into the Third World War." In a Daily Mirror interview, Mitchell said "White Sands was a testing ground for atomic weapons — and that's what the extraterrestrials were interested in. They wanted to know about our military capabilities. My own experience talking to people has made it clear the ETs had been attempting to keep us from going to war and help create peace on Earth ..."
He was a member of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics; the Society of Experimental Test Pilots; Sigma Xi; Sigma Gamma Tau, New York Academy of Sciences; The Explorers Club; World Futures Society; International Platform Association; and he was also an honorary member of the Radio and Television Correspondents' Association.
Awards and honorsEdit
- Presidential Medal of Freedom (1970)
- Manned Spacecraft Center Superior Achievement Award (1970)
- City of New York Gold Medal (1971)
- Arnold Air Society's John F. Kennedy Award (1971)
- Navy Astronaut Wings
- Navy Distinguished Service Medal
- NASA Distinguished Service Medal
- three NASA Group Achievement Awards
- Inducted into the International Space Hall of Fame (inducted 1979)
- Inducted into the United States Astronaut Hall of Fame on October 4, 1997.
Mitchell's other awards included:
- Honorary Doctorates from:
- American Astronautical Society's Flight Achievement Award
- Carnegie Mellon University Alumni, Outstanding Man of the Year (1972)
- Kappa Sigma, Man of the Year Award (1972)
- Adventurers Club, Gold Medal Award for Exploration
- Drexel University, Engineering and Science Award for Explorations in Consciousness (1974)
- The Explorers Club, Lowell Thomas Award for Explorations in Human Consciousness (1980)
In the 1998 HBO miniseries From the Earth to the Moon, Mitchell was played by Gary Cole.
He was the subject of a chapter of Chris Wright's book No More Worlds to Conquer, which asks how people who are famed for one moment moved on with their life. In it he talked at length about his beliefs in extraterrestrial visitation, the power of the mind, and his certainty that his cancer had been cured "by mind means".
- The Way of the Explorer: An Apollo Astronaut's Journey Through the Material and Mystical Worlds (1996), G. Putnam & Sons, hardcover, ISBN 0-399-14161-8, 2008 paperback edition: ISBN 1-56414-977-3, audio cassette edition: ISBN 1-57270-019-X
- Psychic Exploration: A Challenge for Science (1974), G. Putnam & Sons, ISBN 0-399-11342-8
- Earthrise: My Adventures as an Apollo 14 Astronaut (2014), Chicago Review Press, hardcover, ISBN 1-61374-901-5
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Mitchell". http://www.astronautix.com/astros/mitchell.htm.
- ↑ Template:Cite AV media
- ↑ Template:Cite news
- ↑ "Scouting and Space Exploration". http://www.scouting.org/About/FactSheets/scouting_space.aspx.
- ↑ http://www.phoenixmasonry.org/masonicmuseum/images/EdgarMitchellAstronautFDC1.jpg
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 Goldstein, Richard (February 5, 2016). "Edgar D. Mitchell, Sixth Moonwalking Astronaut, Dies at 85". The New York Times. p. A21. http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/06/science/space/edgar-d-mitchell-sixth-moonwalking-astronaut-dies-at-85.html?_r=0. Retrieved 6 February 2016.
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 "Astronaut Bio: Edgar Dean Mitchell". http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/mitchell-ed.html. Retrieved August 28, 2015.
- ↑ "Quote by Edgar Mitchell: "You develop an instant global consciousness, a ..."". Goodreads. https://www.goodreads.com/quotes/416837-you-develop-an-instant-global-consciousness-a-people-orientation-an.
- ↑ "Best Astronaut Selfies". Popular Science Magazine. http://www.popsci.com/gallery/best-astronaut-selfies. Retrieved December 27, 2013.
- ↑ Template:Cite news
- ↑ Template:Cite news
- ↑ samadhi in space – an interview with apollo 14 astronaut Dr. Edgar Mitchell
- ↑ "Private Lunar ESP: An Interview with Edgar Mitchell". http://www.cabinetmagazine.org/issues/5/esp.php.
- ↑ "Book Review:Entangled Minds: Extrasensory Experiences in a Quantum Reality by Dean Radin (Paraview Pocket Books 2006) by Robert T. Carroll". http://www.skepdic.com/refuge/entangledreview.html.
- ↑ Kluger, Jeffrey (July 16, 2009). "40th Anniversary of the Moon Landing; Edgar Mitchell". Time magazine. p. 17. http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1910599_1910685_1910665,00.html. Retrieved October 7, 2013.
- ↑ Template:Cite interview
- ↑ Template:Cite news
- ↑ "Edgar Mitchell On The UFO Cover-Up". UFO UpDates. October 11, 1998. Archived from the original on January 28, 2007. https://web.archive.org/web/20070128032704/http://www.virtuallystrange.net/ufo/updates/1998/oct/m12-010.shtml. Retrieved February 7, 2007.
- ↑ "Interview on Dateline NBC April 19, 1996". UFO Evidence. http://www.ufoevidence.org/documents/doc1923.htm. Retrieved May 27, 2009.
- ↑ Waveney Ann Moore (February 18, 2004). "Astronaut: We've had visitors". St. Petersburg Times. http://www.sptimes.com/2004/02/18/Neighborhoodtimes/Astronaut__We_ve_had_.shtml. Retrieved October 14, 2007.
- ↑ Visitors from space, Vieraita taivaalta, TV program of Juhan af Grann from the beginning of 1990s
- ↑ Apollo 14 astronaut claims aliens HAVE made contact Daily Mail July 24, 2008
- ↑ The Audio interview of Dr. Mitchell on Kerrang Radio on YouTube
- ↑ "Commenting on recent disclosure with Kerrang Radio". Fox News Channel. July 25, 2008. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CwE0vDuTm48.
- ↑ Template:Cite news
- ↑ Clash, Jim. "Ed Mitchell Interview". AskMen. http://www.askmen.com/entertainment/right-stuff/ed-mitchell-interview.html. Retrieved March 7, 2014.
- ↑ Tamblyn, Thomas Aliens Helped Stop The Third World War Says Apollo 14 Astronaut Edgar Mitchell, HuffPost Tech – United Kingdom, August 17, 2015. Retrieved September 11, 2015.
- ↑ Hammill, Jasper 'Peace-loving aliens tried to save America from nuclear war,' claims moon mission astronaut Edgar Mitchell, Mirror Online Web site, August 17, 2015. Retrieved September 11, 2015.
- ↑ Articles and essays by Edgar Mitchell
- ↑ "Dyadic Model of Reality", IONS, by Doris Lora, December 2003
- ↑ "ICIS Board of Directors & Advisors", Institute for Cooperation in Space
- ↑ "List of Initial Signatories"
- ↑ "Apollo 14 astronaut Edgar Mitchell, 85, dies in West Palm Beach". The Palm Beach Post. 2016-02-05. http://www.palmbeachpost.com/news/news/local/apollo-14-astronaut-edgar-mitchell-85-dies-in-west/nqKdg/. Retrieved 2016-02-05.
- ↑ "Astronaut Bio: Edgar Dean Mitchell (Captain, USN, Ret.)". http://www.spaceacts.com/STARSHIP/seh/mitchell.htm.
- ↑ "Edgar Mitchell – Astronaut Scholarship Foundation". http://astronautscholarship.org/Astronauts/edgar-d-mitchell/.
|40x40px||Wikimedia Commons has media related to Category:Edgar Mitchell.|
- Official website of Edgar Mitchell
- Mitchell's official NASA biography
- Astronautix biography of Edgar Mitchell
- Spacefacts biography of Edgar Mitchell
- Mitchell at Spaceacts
- Mitchell at Encyclopedia of Science
- Mitchell at International Space Hall of Fame
- Edgar Mitchell at the Internet Movie Database
- Edgar Mitchell, member of INREES Institute for Research of Extraordinary Experiences
- Mitchell Appearances on C-SPAN
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