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Template:Infobox spaceflight

Expedition 20 was the 20th long-duration flight to the International Space Station. The expedition marked the first time a six-member crew inhabited the station. Because each Soyuz-TMA spacecraft could hold only three people, two separate launches were necessary: Soyuz TMA-14 launched on 26 March 2009, and Soyuz TMA-15 followed on 27 May 2009.[1]

Soyuz TMA-15 launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome at 10:34 UTC on 27 May 2009.[1] The vehicle docked with the station on 29 May 2009, officially changing the Soyuz TMA-14 crew from Expedition 19 to Expedition 20.[2]

Gennady Padalka was the first commander of a six-member station crew, and the first commander of two consecutive expeditions (Expedition 19 and 20). Nicole Stott was the final expedition astronaut to be launched on the shuttle.

During the expedition, Koichi Wakata performed a special experiment wherein he did not change his underpants for one month, in order to test a specially-designed underwear without washing or changing; he reportedly did not develop body odor due to the effects of the special garment.[3]

The station would not be permanently occupied by six crew members all year. For example, when the Expedition 20 crew (Roman Romanenko, Frank De Winne and Bob Thirsk) returned to Earth in November 2009, for a period of about two weeks only two crew members (Jeff Williams and Max Surayev) were aboard. This increased to five in early December, when Oleg Kotov, Timothy Creamer and Soichi Noguchi arrived on Soyuz TMA-17. It decreased to three when Williams and Surayev departed in March 2010, and finally returned to six in April 2010 with the arrival of Soyuz TMA-18, carrying Aleksandr Skvortsov, Mikhail Korniyenko and Tracy Caldwell Dyson.[4][5]

CrewEdit

Position[6]
First Part
(May to July 2009)
Second Part
(July to August 2009)
Third Part
(August to October 2009)
Commander Russia Gennady Padalka, RSA
Third spaceflight
Flight Engineer 1 United States Michael Barratt, NASA
First spaceflight
Flight Engineer 2 Japan Koichi Wakata, JAXA
Third spaceflight
United States Timothy Kopra, NASA
First spaceflight
United States Nicole Stott, NASA
First spaceflight
Flight Engineer 3 Belgium Frank De Winne, ESA
Second and last spaceflight
Flight Engineer 4 Russia Roman Romanenko, RSA
First spaceflight
Flight Engineer 5 Canada Robert Thirsk, CSA
Second and last spaceflight

Backup crewEdit

Extra-vehicular activityEdit

Mission Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End (UTC) Duration
Expedition 20
EVA 1
Gennady Padalka
Michael R. Barratt
5 June 2009
7:52
5 June 2009
12:46
4 hours, 54 minutes
Prepared the Zvezda service module transfer compartment for the arrival of the Poisk module, installed docking antenna for the module, photographed antenna for evaluation on the ground, and photographed the Strela-2 crane.[7][8]
Expedition 20
EVA 2
Gennady Padalka
Michael R. Barratt
10 June 2009
6:55
10 June 2009
7:07
12 minutes
Internal spacewalk in the depressurised Zvezda transfer compartment, to replace one of the Zvezda hatches with a docking cone, in preparation for the docking of the Poisk module later in 2009. Poisk docked automatically to the zenith port of Zvezda on 12 November 2009, and serves as an additional docking port for Russian vehicles.[9][10]

denotes spacewalks performed from the Pirs docking compartment in Russian Orlan suits.

On 3 July 2009 expedition members undocked the Soyuz TMA-14 craft from the aft port of the Zvezda service module and piloted it over to the Pirs docking compartment. This was done to clear the way for the arrival of a Progress supply craft.[11]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/policies.html#Guidelines public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

  1. 1.0 1.1 NASA HQ (24 May 2009). "Expedition 20 Crew Launches from Baikonur". NASA. http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/expeditions/expedition20/launch.html. Retrieved 4 June 2009. 
  2. NASA HQ (29 May 2009). "Expedition 20 Crew Docks with Space Station". NASA. http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/expeditions/expedition20/docking.html. Retrieved 4 June 2009. 
  3. Template:Cite news
  4. "International Space Station Expeditions". NASA. 10 April 2009. http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/expeditions/index.html. Retrieved 13 April 2009. 
  5. NASA (2008). "International Space Station". NASA. http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/main/index.html. Retrieved 22 October 2008. 
  6. NASA HQ (2008). "NASA Assigns Space Station Crews, Updates Expedition Numbering". NASA. http://www.nasa.gov/home/hqnews/2008/nov/HQ_08-306_Expedition_crews.html. Retrieved 21 November 2008. 
  7. Template:Cite news
  8. NASA (March 2009). "Expedition 20 Press Kit" (.pdf). NASA. http://www.nasa.gov/pdf/320539main_Expedition_19_20_Press_Kit.pdf. Retrieved 4 June 2009. 
  9. David Korth, Expedition 20 Spacewalk Flight Director (4 June 2009). "Expedition 20 Spacewalk Briefing Materials". NASA. http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/356098main_korth_exp20_crew_location.jpg. Retrieved 10 June 2009. 
  10. "Russian "Internal" Spacewalk Complete". NASA. 10 June 2009. http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/expeditions/expedition20/eva23.html. Retrieved 6 July 2009. 
  11. "Station Crew Completes Soyuz Move". spacefellowship.com. 3 July 2009. http://spacefellowship.com/2009/07/03/station-crew-completes-soyuz-move/. Retrieved 6 July 2009. 

External linksEdit

Template:International Space Station

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