High Altitude Venus Operational Concept (HAVOC) is a NASA study leading to the development of an evolutionary program for the exploration of Venus, with focus on the mission architecture and crewed floating inflatable vehicle concept for missions into Venus's atmosphere.
- Robotic exploration into the Venusian atmosphere
- Crewed mission to orbit Venus for 30 days
- Crewed mission to Venusian atmosphere for 30 days
- Crewed mission to Venusian atmosphere for 1 year
- Long-term human presence in a floating balloon.
- ↑ "HAVOC". Systems Analysis and Concepts Directorate of NASA (SACD). NASA. http://sacd.larc.nasa.gov/branches/space-mission-analysis-branch-smab/smab-projects/havoc/. Retrieved 1 December 2015.
- ↑ Template:Cite AV media
- ↑ Mack, Eric (20 December 2014). "NASA concept would send astronauts to Venus". Gizmag. http://www.gizmag.com/nasa-havoc-concept-manned-mission-to-venus/35311//. Retrieved 1 December 2015.
- ↑ Shadbolt, Peter (3 January 2015). "NASA's plan for an off-world colony: a floating city above Venus". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2014/12/23/tech/innovation/tomorrow-transformed-venus-blimp-city/. Retrieved 1 December 2015.
- ↑ Ackerman, Evan (16 December 2014). "NASA Study Proposes Airships, Cloud Cities for Venus Exploration". IEEE Spectrum. http://spectrum.ieee.org/aerospace/space-flight/nasa-study-proposes-airships-cloud-cities-for-venus-exploration. Retrieved 1 December 2015.
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