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Template:Infobox person Jean Hebb Swank is an astrophysicist who is best known for her studies of black holes and neutron stars.

Early life and educationEdit

Swank graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in physics from Bryn Mawr College in 1961. Two of her physics professors at Bryn Mawr were alumni of Caltech. They influenced her decision to attend graduate school at the California Institute of Technology. Under the supervision of Steve Frautschi, she was awarded her PhD in physics in 1967.[1] Her thesis was "Radiative Corrections to Neutrino-Electron Interactions".[2]

Teaching careerEdit

Swank taught physics as an assistant professor at California State University at Los Angeles from 1966 to 1969. After her marriage, Swank moved to Illinois where she taught at Chicago State University from 1969 until 1971.[1][2]

In 1971, Swank and her husband moved to Ankara, Turkey, to join the faculty of the Middle East Technical University as assistant professors. There she met Hakkı Boran Ögelman, a high-energy astrophysics researcher and head of the physics department at that time who had been involved in the gamma-ray astronomy group at the Goddard Space Flight Center. Through him, Swank learned of experiments under development for the eighth Orbiting Solar Observatory to be launched in 1975. After she returned to the United States, Swank applied for and received a postdoctoral fellowship at Goddard.[1]

NASA careerEdit

Swank was first associated with NASA as a Resident Research Associate for the National Academy of Sciences National Research Council (NAS/NRC) in the X-ray Astrophysics Branch located in the Goddard Space Flight Center.[2]

Swank was the principal Investigator for the Proportional Counter Array (PCA) and project scientist for the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) project[3] launched in December 1995. In 1999 Swank was awarded the Bruno Rossi Prize along with Hale Bradt "for their key roles in the development of the Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer, and for the resulting important discoveries related to high time resolution observations of compact astrophysical objects."[4]

Swank was appointed principal Investigator for NASA's Gravity and Extreme Magnetism Small Explorer (GEMS) project.[5] The GEMS mission was canceled in 2012 due to projected costs 20 to 30 percent over budget.[6]

Throughout her career at the Goddard Space Flight Center, Swank focused her research on observing and analyzing X-ray emissions from black holes and neutron stars.[1] She was elected a fellow in the American Physical Society in 1993.[7] She wrote or co-authored over 300 scientific papers published in scientific journals or by NASA during her career.[8] In June 2013, Swank was awarded the NASA Distinguished Service Medal.[9]

Swank retired in 2013. The Goddard Space Flight Center lists her as an emeritus scientist in her biographical sketch.[2]

Personal lifeEdit

While participating in a summer research program at the University of Maryland, she met Lowell James Swank, another physicist. They married in 1969 after he took a position at the National Accelerator Laboratory in Illinois.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Spector, Barbara (April 2002). "Measuring Cosmic X-ray Fireworks". Science and Technology Quarterly. Bryn Mawr College. http://www.brynmawr.edu/sandt/2002_april/fireworks.html. Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Jean Hebb Swank". NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. http://science.gsfc.nasa.gov/sed/index.cfm?fuseAction=people.jumpBio&&iPhonebookId=2771. Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  3. "Dr. Jean H. Swank". NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. http://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/xte/JHS.html. Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  4. "HEAD AAS Rossi Prize Winners". American Astronomical Society (AAS) High Energy Astrophysics Division (HEAD). http://www.aas.org/head/rossi/rossi.recip.html#O. Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  5. Template:Cite book
  6. Dunn, Marcia (7 June 2012). "NASA kills GEMS X-ray telescope, blames project's cost (Update)". Phys.org. http://phys.org/news/2012-06-nasa-gems-x-ray-telescope-blames.html. Retrieved 6 July 2013. 
  7. "APS Fellowship". American Physical Society. http://www.aps.org/units/dap/fellowship/index.cfm?year=1993. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  8. "Publications of Jean Hebb Swank". Microsoft Academic Search. http://65.54.113.26/PublicationList?srcType=8&desType=2&srcID=45519&desID=13401551. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  9. "Recent Awards & Honors". NASA. http://science.gsfc.nasa.gov/astrophysics/xray/awards. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
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