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Jeffrey Williams (astronaut)

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| image = Jeffrey N. Williams 2009.jpg
 
| image = Jeffrey N. Williams 2009.jpg
 
| type = [[NASA]] Astronaut
 
| type = [[NASA]] Astronaut
| nationality = American
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| nationality = [[United States|American]]
 
| birth_date = {{Birth date and age|1958|01|18}}
 
| birth_date = {{Birth date and age|1958|01|18}}
 
| death_date =
 
| death_date =
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| death_place =
 
| death_place =
 
| occupation = Test pilot
 
| occupation = Test pilot
| rank = Colonel, USA
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| rank = [[Colonel (United States)|Colonel]], [[United States Army|USA]]
 
| selection = [[List of astronauts by selection#1996|1996 NASA Group]]
 
| selection = [[List of astronauts by selection#1996|1996 NASA Group]]
 
| space_time = ''362 days''<ref name="williams_time_in_space">{{Cite web |url=http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/expeditions/expedition22/landing.html |title=Soyuz Landing Caps Milestone Space Station Mission |author=NASA |date=March 18, 2010 |accessdate=March 19, 2010}}</ref>
 
| space_time = ''362 days''<ref name="williams_time_in_space">{{Cite web |url=http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/expeditions/expedition22/landing.html |title=Soyuz Landing Caps Milestone Space Station Mission |author=NASA |date=March 18, 2010 |accessdate=March 19, 2010}}</ref>
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}}
 
}}
   
'''Jeffrey Nels Williams''' (born January 18, 1958) is a retired United States Army officer and a [[NASA]] [[astronaut]]. He is a veteran of four [[space flight]]s.
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'''Jeffrey Nels Williams''' (born January 18, 1958) is a retired [[United States Army]] officer and a [[NASA]] [[astronaut]]. He is a veteran of four [[space flight]]s.
   
 
==Early life and education==
 
==Early life and education==
Williams was born in Superior, Wisconsin, and raised in [[Winter, Wisconsin]]. As a child, Williams was a Star Scout in the Boy Scouts of America.<ref name="astro-bsa">{{cite web |url=http://www.scouting.org/Media/FactSheets/02-558.aspx |title=Astronauts and the BSA |work=Fact sheet |publisher=Boy Scouts of America |accessdate=2006-03-20}}</ref><ref name="JOTA">{{cite web |url=http://www.scouting.org/scoutsource/International/ProgramEnrichment/JOTA_JOTI.aspx |title=Jamboree-on-the-Air and Jamboree-on-the-Internet Extravaganza |publisher=Boy Scouts of America |accessdate=2010-06-08}}</ref> During the [[Jamboree on the Air]] in October 2009 he communicated with Boy Scouts in the [[National Scouting Museum]] in Texas from the International Space Station.<ref name="JOTA" /> Williams graduated from Winter High School in Winter, Wisconsin, in 1976. He earned an engineering degree from the [[U.S. Military Academy]] in 1980, receiving his commission in the United States Army. Williams served with the Army at [[Johnson Space Center]] from 1987 to 1992 before training as a test pilot. In 1996, he was selected by [[NASA]] as an astronaut candidate and flew as a mission specialist and flight engineer aboard [[STS-101]] in 2000.
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Williams was born in Superior, Wisconsin, and raised in [[Winter, Wisconsin]]. As a child, Williams was a Star Scout in the Boy Scouts of America.<ref name="astro-bsa">{{cite web |url=http://www.scouting.org/Media/FactSheets/02-558.aspx |title=Astronauts and the BSA |work=Fact sheet |publisher=Boy Scouts of America |accessdate=2006-03-20}}</ref><ref name="JOTA">{{cite web |url=http://www.scouting.org/scoutsource/International/ProgramEnrichment/JOTA_JOTI.aspx |title=Jamboree-on-the-Air and Jamboree-on-the-Internet Extravaganza |publisher=Boy Scouts of America |accessdate=2010-06-08}}</ref> During the [[Jamboree on the Air]] in October 2009 he communicated with Boy Scouts in the [[National Scouting Museum]] in Texas from the International Space Station.<ref name="JOTA" /> Williams graduated from Winter High School in Winter, Wisconsin, in 1976. He earned an engineering degree from the [[U.S. Military Academy]] in 1980, receiving his commission in the [[United States Army]]. Williams served with the Army at [[Johnson Space Center]] from 1987 to 1992 before training as a test pilot. In 1996, he was selected by [[NASA]] as an astronaut candidate and flew as a mission specialist and flight engineer aboard [[STS-101]] in 2000.
   
 
==NASA career==
 
==NASA career==
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===First live tweetup from space===
 
===First live tweetup from space===
On October 21, 2009, Williams and his Expedition 21 crewmate, [[Nicole Stott]], participated in the first [[NASA Tweetup]] from the station with members of the public gathered at [[NASA]] Headquarters in Washington, D.C.<ref>{{cite web |url=https://secure.flickr.com/photos/nasahqphoto/sets/72157622635092926/ |title=20091021 NASA Live Tweetup Event with International Space Station |date=October 21, 2009 |publisher=NASA |author=Carla Cioffi}}</ref> This involved the first ''live'' Twitter connection for the astronauts.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.nasa.gov/home/hqnews/2009/oct/HQ_M09-185_ISS_Tweetup.html |title=NASA Hosts Long-Distance Tweetup with Astronauts on Space Station |publisher=NASA |author=John Yembrick |date=October 1, 2009 |accessdate=October 20, 2009}}</ref> Previously, astronauts on board the Space Shuttle or ISS have sent the messages they desire to send as tweets down to [[Johnson Space Center|Mission Control]] which then posted the message via the Internet to Twitter.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://blogs.orlandosentinel.com/etan_on_tech/2009/05/the-great-debate-over-astro-mikes-tweets-from-space.html |title=The great debate over Astro Mike's 'tweets from space' |publisher=[[The Orlando Sentinel]] |date=May 22, 2009 |author=Etan Horowitz |accessdate=October 2, 2009 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/20090525211849/http://blogs.orlandosentinel.com:80/etan_on_tech/2009/05/the-great-debate-over-astro-mikes-tweets-from-space.html |archivedate=May 25, 2009}}</ref>
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On October 21, 2009, Williams and his Expedition 21 crewmate, [[Nicole Stott]], participated in the first [[NASA Tweetup]] from the station with members of the public gathered at [[NASA]] Headquarters in [[Washington, D.C.]]<ref>{{cite web |url=https://secure.flickr.com/photos/nasahqphoto/sets/72157622635092926/ |title=20091021 NASA Live Tweetup Event with International Space Station |date=October 21, 2009 |publisher=NASA |author=Carla Cioffi}}</ref> This involved the first ''live'' Twitter connection for the astronauts.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.nasa.gov/home/hqnews/2009/oct/HQ_M09-185_ISS_Tweetup.html |title=NASA Hosts Long-Distance Tweetup with Astronauts on Space Station |publisher=NASA |author=John Yembrick |date=October 1, 2009 |accessdate=October 20, 2009}}</ref> Previously, astronauts on board the Space Shuttle or ISS have sent the messages they desire to send as tweets down to [[Johnson Space Center|Mission Control]] which then posted the message via the Internet to Twitter.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://blogs.orlandosentinel.com/etan_on_tech/2009/05/the-great-debate-over-astro-mikes-tweets-from-space.html |title=The great debate over Astro Mike's 'tweets from space' |publisher=[[The Orlando Sentinel]] |date=May 22, 2009 |author=Etan Horowitz |accessdate=October 2, 2009 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/20090525211849/http://blogs.orlandosentinel.com:80/etan_on_tech/2009/05/the-great-debate-over-astro-mikes-tweets-from-space.html |archivedate=May 25, 2009}}</ref>
   
 
==Personal life==
 
==Personal life==
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{|
 
{|
 
| {{ribbon devices|number=1|type=oak|ribbon=US Defense Superior Service Medal ribbon.svg|width=80}}
 
| {{ribbon devices|number=1|type=oak|ribbon=US Defense Superior Service Medal ribbon.svg|width=80}}
| Defense Superior Service Medal with oak leaf cluster
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| [[Defense Superior Service Medal]] with [[oak leaf cluster]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| {{ribbon devices|number=1|type=oak|ribbon=Legion of Merit ribbon.svg|width=80}}
 
| {{ribbon devices|number=1|type=oak|ribbon=Legion of Merit ribbon.svg|width=80}}
| Legion of Merit with oak leaf cluster
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| [[Legion of Merit]] with oak leaf cluster
 
|-
 
|-
 
| {{ribbon devices|number=1|type=oak|ribbon=Meritorious Service ribbon.svg|width=80}}
 
| {{ribbon devices|number=1|type=oak|ribbon=Meritorious Service ribbon.svg|width=80}}
| Meritorious Service Medal with oak leaf cluster
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| [[Meritorious Service Medal (United States)|Meritorious Service Medal]] with oak leaf cluster
 
|-
 
|-
 
| {{ribbon devices|number=0|type=oak|ribbon=Army Commendation Medal ribbon.svg|width=80}}
 
| {{ribbon devices|number=0|type=oak|ribbon=Army Commendation Medal ribbon.svg|width=80}}
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|-
 
|-
 
| {{ribbon devices|number=1|type=service-star|ribbon=National Defense Service Medal ribbon.svg|width=80}}
 
| {{ribbon devices|number=1|type=service-star|ribbon=National Defense Service Medal ribbon.svg|width=80}}
| National Defense Service Medal with award star
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| [[National Defense Service Medal]] with award star
 
|-
 
|-
 
| {{ribbon devices|number=0|type=oak|ribbon=Army Service Ribbon.svg|width=80}}
 
| {{ribbon devices|number=0|type=oak|ribbon=Army Service Ribbon.svg|width=80}}
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