The following lists contain names of engineers, scientists and technicians specializing in rocketry who originally came from Germany but spent most of their careers working for the NASA space program in Huntsville, Alabama.

Particularly after World War II, many engineers left Germany to pursue further rocket projects in the U.S. The majority had been involved with the V-2 in Peenemünde, and 127 of them eventually entered the U.S. through Operation Paperclip. They were also known as the Von Braun Group.[1]

Before and after Operation Paperclip, other German experts arrived in the US by individual immigration without government links and would only later join various space projects, primarily at NASA.[2][3]

Operation Paperclip scientistsEdit


Wernher von Braun and his team in the fall of 1959. At the time, von Braun and his associates worked for the Army Ballistic Missile Agency in Huntsville, Alabama. Those in the photograph have been identified as Ernst Stuhlinger, Frederick von Saurma, Fritz Mueller, Hermann Weidner, Erich W. Neubert (partially hidden), W.A. Mrazek, Karl Heimburg, Arthur Rudolph, Otto Hoberg, von Braun, Oswald Lange, General Bruce Medaris, Helmut Hoelzer, Hans Maus, E.D. Geissler, Hans Hueter, and George Constan.


Wernher von Braun in 1961 with members of his management team. Pictured from left to right are, Werner Kuers, Director of the Manufacturing Engineering Division; Dr. Walter Häussermann, Director of the Astrionics Division; Dr. William Mrazek, Propulsion and Vehicle Engineering Division; Dr. von Braun; Dieter Grau, Director of the Quality Assurance Division; Dr. Oswald Lange, Director of the Saturn Systems Office; and Erich W. Neubert, Associate Deputy Director for Research and Development.

After Operation PaperclipEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. Template:Cite news
  2. John Gimbel "U.S. Policy and German Scientists: The Early Cold War", Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 101, No. 3 (1986), pp. 433–51
  3. Clarence G., Lasby Project Paperclip: German Scientists and the Cold War Scribner (February 1975) ISBN 0-689-70524-7
  4. "Beichel". Retrieved 2010-08-30. 
  5. "Dahm". Retrieved 2010-08-30. 
  6. "Hirschler". Retrieved 2010-08-30. 
  7. "Biographies of Aerospace Officials and Policymakers, K-N". Retrieved 2010-08-30. 
  8. "Mueller, Fritz". Retrieved 2010-08-30. 
  9. "Reisig". Retrieved 2010-08-30. 
  10. "Rickhey". 1947-01-02. Retrieved 2010-08-30. 
  11. "Rosinski". Retrieved 2010-08-30. 
  12. "Rocket Pioneers, Schemers and Dreamers!".,_Schemers_and_Dreamer!htm. Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
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