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Template:Infobox spaceflight

STS-104 was a Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station (ISS) flown by Space Shuttle Atlantis. Its primary objectives were to install the Quest Joint Airlock and help perform maintenance on the International Space Station. It was successful and returned to Earth without incident, after a successful docking, equipment installation and three spacewalks.

CrewEdit

Position Astronaut
Commander Steven W. Lindsey
Third spaceflight
Pilot Charles O. Hobaugh
First spaceflight
Mission Specialist 1 Michael L. Gernhardt
Fourth spaceflight
Mission Specialist 2 Janet L. Kavandi
Third spaceflight
Mission Specialist 3 James F. Reilly
Second spaceflight

Mission highlightsEdit

STS-104 launch

Launch of Space Shuttle Atlantis on STS-104 mission.

The primary purpose of the flight was to deliver and install the Quest airlock. The Joint Airlock is a pressurized flight element consisting of two cylindrical chambers attached end-to-end by a connecting bulkhead and hatch. Once installed and activated, the ISS airlock became the primary path for International Space Station space walk entry and departure for U.S. spacesuits, which are known as Extravehicular Mobility Units, or EMUs. In addition, the Joint Airlock is designed to support the Russian Orlan spacesuit for EVA activity.

The Joint Airlock is 20 ft (6.1 m) long, 13 ft (4.0 m) in diameter and weighs 6.5 short tons (5.9 metric tons). It was built at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) by the Space Station Prime Contractor Boeing. The ISS-airlock has two main components: a crew airlock and an equipment airlock for storing EVA gear and EVA preflight preps. STS-104 also carries a spacelab pallet with four High Pressure Gas Assembly containers that were attached to the exterior of the airlock.

Mission Specialists Michael Gernhardt and James Reilly conducted three space walks while Space Shuttle Atlantis was docked to the International Space Station. They spent a total of 16 hours and 30 minutes outside. During the first space walk, Gernhardt and Reilly assisted in the installation of the airlock. During the second and third excursions, they focused on the external outfitting of the Quest airlock with four High Pressure Gas Tanks, handrails and other vital equipment. The third spacewalk was conducted from Quest itself.[1]

First flight of Block II SSMEEdit

STS-104 was the first shuttle mission to fly with a "Block II" SSME. Post-launch analysis indicated an anomaly occurred when the engine was shut down. The cause was determined and the mitigation approach was demonstrated on the STS-108 flight in November 2001.[2]

Space walksEdit

  • Gernhardt and Reilly – EVA 1
  • EVA 1 Start: 15 July 2001 – 03:10 UTC
  • EVA 1 End: 15 July 2001 – 09:09 UTC
  • Duration: 5 hours, 59 minutes
  • Gernhardt and Reilly – EVA 2
  • EVA 2 Start: 18 July 2001 – 03:04 UTC
  • EVA 2 End: 18 July 2001 – 09:33 UTC
  • Duration: 6 hours, 29 minutes
  • Gernhardt and Reilly – EVA 3
  • EVA 3 Start: 21 July 2001 – 04:35 UTC
  • EVA 3 End: 21 July 2001 – 08:37 UTC
  • Duration: 4 hours, 02 minutes
STS-104 Payload Bay view

The payload bay of STS-104 imaged by TV camera during its approach to the ISS, no still photography was made of this event

Wake-up callsEdit

NASA began a tradition of playing music to astronauts during the Gemini program, which was first used to wake up a flight crew during Apollo 15.[3] Each track is specially chosen, often by their families, and usually has a special meaning to an individual member of the crew, or is applicable to their daily activities.[3][4]

Flight Day Song Artist/Composer Links
Day 2 "Wallace Courts Murron" Braveheart Soundtrack wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 3 "God of Wonders" Caedmons Call wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 4 "Space Cowboy" 'N Sync wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 5 "No Woman, No Cry" Bob Marley wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 6 "Nobody Does it Better" Carly Simon, from the The Spy Who Loved Me soundtrack wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 7 "Happy Birthday, Darling" Conway Twitty wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 8 "All I Wanna Do" Sheryl Crow wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 9 "A Time to Dance" Space Center Intermediate School Symphonic Band wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 10 "I Could Write a Book" Harry Connick Jr., from the soundtrack to When Harry Met Sally wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 11 "Who Let the Dogs Out?" The Baha Boys wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 12 "Orinoco Flow" Enya wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 13 "Honey, I'm Home" Shania Twain wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 14 "Hold Back the Rain" Duran Duran wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/policies.html#Guidelines public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

External linksEdit

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