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Template:Infobox spaceflight

STS-41-B was the tenth NASA Space Shuttle mission and the fourth flight of the Space Shuttle Challenger. It launched on February 3, 1984, and landed on February 11 after deploying two communications satellites. It was also notable for including the first untethered spacewalk.

Following STS-9, the flight numbering system for the Space Shuttle program was changed. Thus, the next flight, instead of being designated STS-11, became STS-41-B; the original successor to STS-9, STS-10, was cancelled due to payload delays.

CrewEdit

Position Astronaut
Commander Vance D. Brand
Third spaceflight
Pilot Robert L. Gibson
First spaceflight
Mission Specialist 1 Bruce McCandless II
First spaceflight
Mission Specialist 2 Robert L. Stewart
First spaceflight
Mission Specialist 3 Ronald E. McNair
First spaceflight

SpacewalksEdit

EVA 1
  • Personnel: McCandless and Stewart
  • Date: February 7, 1984
  • Duration: 5 hours, 55 minutes[1]
EVA 2
  • Personnel: McCandless and Stewart
  • Date: February 9, 1984
  • Duration: 6 hours, 17 minutes[1]

Crew seating arrangementsEdit

Seat[2] Launch Landing STS-121 seating assignments
Seats 1–4 are on the Flight Deck. Seats 5–7 are on the Middeck.
S1 Brand Brand
S2 Gibson Gibson
S3 McNair McCandless
S4 Stewart Stewart
S5 McCandless McNair

Mission summaryEdit

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STS-41-B Palapa B-2 deployment

Palapa B2 after deployment.

STS-41-B EVA

Astronaut Bruce McCandless exercises the Manned Maneuvering Unit.

EVAtion - GPN-2000-001087

McCandless approaches his maximum distance from Challenger.

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Challenger lifted off from Kennedy Space Center at 8 am EST on February 3, 1984. Two communications satellites were deployed about 8 hours after launch; one, Westar 6, was for America's Western Union, and the other, Palapa B2, for Indonesia.[3] However, the Payload Assist Modules (PAM) for both satellites malfunctioned, placing them into a lower-than-planned orbit. Both satellites were retrieved successfully in November 1984 during STS-51-A, which was conducted by the orbiter Discovery.[3]

The STS-41-B crew included commander Vance D. Brand, making his second Shuttle flight; pilot Robert L. Gibson; and mission specialists Bruce McCandless II, Ronald E. McNair, and Robert L. Stewart.

On the fourth day of the mission, astronauts McCandless and Stewart performed the first untethered spacewalk, operating the Manned Maneuvering Unit (MMU) for the first time.[1][4] McCandless ventured out 320 feet (Template:Convert/round m) from the orbiter, while Stewart tested the "work station" foot restraint at the end of the Remote Manipulator System. On the seventh day of the mission, both astronauts performed another EVA to practice capture procedures for the Solar Maximum Mission satellite retrieval and repair operation, which was planned for the next mission, STS-41-C.[1]

STS-41-B also achieved the reflight of the West German-sponsored SPAS-1 pallet/satellite, which had originally flown on STS-7.[5] This time, however, it remained in the payload bay due to an electrical problem in the RMS. The mission also carried five GAS canisters, six live rats in the middeck area, a Cinema-360 camera and a continuation of the Continuous Flow Electrophoresis System and Monodisperse Latex Reactor experiments.[5] Included in one of the GAS canisters was the first experiment by a high school team to fly in space. The experiment, on seed germination and growth in zero gravity, was created and built by a team from Brighton High School in Utah through a partnership with Utah State University.[5]

The 7-day, 23-hour, 15-minute, 55-second flight ended on February 11, 1984 with a successful landing at Kennedy Space Center's Shuttle Landing Facility. This marked the first landing of a spacecraft at its launch site. Challenger completed 127 orbits and traveled 2.8 million miles.

Astronaut Ronald E. McNair would later die in the Challenger disaster on 28 January 1986.

Mission insigniaEdit

Designed by artist Robert McCall, the eleven stars in the blue field symbolize the mission's original designation as STS-11. The left panel shows the deployment of a satellite, and the right panel shows an astronaut using the MMU.

Wake-up callsEdit

NASA began a tradition of playing music to astronauts during the Gemini program, and first used music to wake up a flight crew during Apollo 15. Each track is specially chosen, often by the astronauts' families, and usually has a special meaning to an individual member of the crew, or is applicable to their daily activities.[6]

Day 3 "A Train" Contraband
Day 4 "Glory, Glory, Colorado" The University of Colorado Band Vance Brand
Day 5 "Armed Forces Medley"
Day 7 "Theme from The Greatest American Hero" Joey Scarbury
Day 8 "The Air Force Song" Air Force CAPCOMs
Day 9 "In the Mood" Contraband

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/policies.html#Guidelines public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

External linksEdit

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