Template:Infobox spaceflight STS-44 was a Space Shuttle mission using Atlantis that launched on 24 November 1991. It was a U.S. Department of Defense space mission.


Position Astronaut
Commander Frederick D. Gregory
Third spaceflight
Pilot Terence T. Henricks
First spaceflight
Mission Specialist 1 James S. Voss
First spaceflight
Mission Specialist 2 F. Story Musgrave
Fourth spaceflight
Mission Specialist 3 Mario Runco, Jr.
First spaceflight
Payload Specialist 1 Thomas J. Hennen
First spaceflight

Backup crewEdit

Position Astronaut
Payload Specialist 1 Michael E. Belt
First spaceflight

Crew seating arrangementsEdit

Seat[1] Launch Landing STS-121 seating assignments
Seats 1–4 are on the Flight Deck. Seats 5–7 are on the Middeck.
S1 Gregory Gregory
S2 Henricks Henricks
S3 Voss Runco
S4 Musgrave Musgrave
S5 Runco Voss
S6 Hennen Hennen

Mission highlightsEdit

The launch was on 24 November 1991 at 6:44:00 pm EST. A launch set for 19 November was delayed due to replacement and testing of a malfunctioning redundant inertial measurement unit on the Inertial Upper Stage booster attached to the Defense Support Program satellite. The launch was reset for 24 November and was delayed by 13 minutes to allow an orbiting spacecraft to pass and to allow external tank liquid oxygen replenishment after minor repairs to a valve in the liquid oxygen replenishment system in the mobile launcher platform. Launch weight was 117,766 kilograms (Template:Convert/round lb).

The mission was dedicated to the Department of Defense. The unclassified payload included a Defense Support Program (DSP) satellite and attached Inertial Upper Stage (IUS), deployed on flight day one. Cargo bay and middeck payloads included the Interim Operational Contamination Monitor (IOCM), Terra Scout, Military Man in Space (M88-1), Air Force Maui Optical System (AMOS), Cosmic Radiation Effects and Activation Monitor (CREAM), Shuttle Activation Monitor (SAM), Radiation Monitoring Equipment III (RME III), Visual Function Tester-1 (VFT-1), Ultraviolet Plume Instrument (UVPI), Bioreactor Flow, Particle Trajectory experiment, and Extended Duration Orbiter Medical Project, a series of investigations in support of Extended Duration Orbiter.

The landing was on 1 December 1991 at 2:34:44 pm PST, Runway 5, Edwards Air Force Base, California. The rollout distance was 11,191 feet (Template:Convert/round m), and the rollout time was 107 seconds. The landing weight was 193,825 pounds (Template:Convert/round kg). The landing was originally scheduled for Kennedy Space Center on 4 December, but the ten-day mission was shortened and the landing rescheduled following the 30 November on-orbit failure of one of three orbiter inertial measurement units. The lengthy rollout was due to minimal braking for test. Atlantis returned to Kennedy on 8 December.

See alsoEdit


  1. "STS-44". Spacefacts. Retrieved 26 February 2014. 

External linksEdit

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