William Reid "Bill" Pogue (January 23, 1930 – March 3, 2014), (Col, USAF), was an American astronaut, U.S. Air Force fighter pilot, and test pilot who was also an accomplished teacher, public speaker and author.
Early life and educationEdit
Pogue was born on January 23, 1930, in Okemah, Oklahoma, the second child of Alex W. Pogue (1904–1998) and Margaret F. Pogue (Template:Nee; 1906–1994), who lived in Sand Springs, Oklahoma. He had one older sister, Margaret H., who died in 2012. Pogue was of Choctaw ancestry. Pogue attended primary and secondary schools in Oklahoma, and received a Bachelor of Science degree in Secondary Education from Oklahoma Baptist University in 1951, and a Master of Science degree in Mathematics from Oklahoma State University in 1960. He was awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Science from Oklahoma Baptist University in 1974.
He was the father of three children: William R. (born September 5, 1953), Layna S. (born June 9, 1955), and Thomas R. (born September 12, 1957). He enjoyed running and playing paddleball and handball, and his hobbies included cabinet making, gardening and the study of Biblical history.
Pogue enlisted in the U.S. Air Force in 1951 and received his commission in 1952. While serving with the Fifth Air Force during the Korean War, from 1953 to 1954, he completed a combat tour in fighter bombers. From 1955 to 1957, he was a member of the USAF Thunderbirds. He was a solo and a slot pilot with them.
He gained proficiency in more than 50 types and models of American and British aircraft and was qualified as a civilian flight instructor. Pogue served in the mathematics department as an assistant professor at the United States Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs, Colorado, from 1960 to 1963. In September 1965, he completed a two-year tour as test pilot with the British Ministry of Aviation under the USAF/RAF Exchange Program, after graduating from the Empire Test Pilots' School in Farnborough, England.
An Air Force Colonel, Pogue came to the Manned Spacecraft Center from an assignment at Edwards Air Force Base, California, where he had been an instructor at the Air Force Aerospace Research Pilot School since October 1965.
He logged 7,200 hours of flight time, including 4,200 hours in jet aircraft and 2,017 hours in space flight.
Pogue was one of nineteen astronauts selected by NASA in group 5 for the Apollo program in April 1966. He served as a member of the support crews for the Apollo 7, 11 and 14 missions. He was assigned as Command Module Pilot for the prime crew of the Apollo 19 mission. When this was canceled, he transferred, along with Apollo 19 Lunar Module Pilot Gerald Carr, to the Skylab Orbital Workshop program, which followed Apollo.
Pogue was the Pilot of Skylab 4, the third and final manned visit to the Skylab Orbital Workshop, from November 16, 1973, to February 8, 1974. This was the longest manned flight (84 days, 1 hour and 15 minutes) to that date. Pogue was accompanied on the record-setting 34.5-million-mile flight by Commander Gerald P. Carr and Science Pilot, Edward G. Gibson, PhD. They successfully completed 56 experiments, 26 science demonstrations, 15 subsystem detailed objectives, and 13 student investigations during their 1,214 revolutions of the Earth.
They also acquired extensive Earth resources observations data using Skylab's Earth resources experiment package camera and sensor array and logged 338 hours of operations of the Apollo Telescope Mount which made extensive observations of the sun's solar processes. He logged 13 hours and 31 minutes in two EVAs outside the orbital workshop.
Pogue retired from both the United States Air Force and NASA on September 1, 1975. He was self-employed as a consultant to aerospace and a producer of general interest videos on space flight.
In 1985, Pogue authored the book How Do You Go to the Bathroom in Space?, answering 270 common questions he received. In 1992, he co-authored The Trikon Deception, a science fiction novel, with Ben Bova.
In 2003, Pogue authored Space Trivia, published by Apogee Books. It covered the trivial questions and answers from the Project Mercury era to the Space Shuttle/International Space Station era. His autobiography, But for the Grace of God: An Autobiography of an Aviator and Astronaut, was released in January 2011 (published by Soar with Eagles).
Pogue died at his Cocoa Beach, Florida home during the night of March 3, 2014 from natural causes at the age of 84. He is survived by his third wife Tina, three children from his first marriage and four stepchildren from his second marriage.
- NASA Distinguished Service Medal (1974) and JSC Superior Achievement Award (1970)
- Air Medal, Air Force Commendation Medal, the National Defense Service Medal, and an Air Force Outstanding Unit Award (while a member of the USAF Thunderbirds)
- Air Force Distinguished Service Medal and Command Pilot Astronaut Wings (1974)
- City of Chicago Gold Medal (1974)
- Robert J. Collier Trophy for 1973 (1974)
- City of New York Gold Medal (1974)
- Dr. Robert H. Goddard Memorial Trophy for 1975 (1975)
- Federation Aeronautique Internationale De La Vaulx Medal and V. M. Komarov Diploma for 1974 (1975)
- General Thomas D. White USAF Space Trophy for 1974 (1975);
- Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences of Oklahoma State University (1975)
- AIAA Haley Astronautics Award for 1974 (1975)
- American Astronautical Society's 1975 Flight Achievement Award (1976)
- 5 Civilized Tribes Hall of Fame (1975)
- Oklahoma Aviation and Space Hall of Fame (1980)
- U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame (1997)
- Clarence E. Page Memorial Trophy – Oklahoma Aviation and Space Museum (1989)
- Weight: 160 lb (73 kg)
- Height: 5 ft 9 in (1.75 m)
- Hair: Brown
- Eyes: Blue
- ↑ Pogue's parents
- ↑ NASA Biographical Data Sheet
- ↑ William R. Pogue at scouting.org
- ↑ William Pogue's Seiko 6139 Watch Flown on Board the Skylab 4 Mission, from his Personal Collection... The First Automatic Chronograph to be Worn in Space
- ↑ The “Colonel Pogue” Seiko 6139, dreamchrono.com.
- ↑ "William Reid Pogue". Johnson Space Center. http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/history/oral_histories/PogueWR/WRP_Bio.pdf. Retrieved 2014-12-23.
- ↑ http://www.floridatoday.com/article/20140305/SPACE/303050043/NASA-astronaut-William-Pogue-84-dies?nclick_check=1
- ↑ Sand Springs native, Skylab astronaut Bill Pogue dies at 84
- ↑ Pearlman, Robert. "Skylab astronaut William Pogue dies at 84". collectSPACE. http://collectspace.com/news/news-030414a-astronaut-william-pogue-obituary.html. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
- ↑ William R. Pogue's physical description
|40x40px||Wikimedia Commons has media related to Category:William R. Pogue.|
- Official website of William R. Pogue
- Pogue's official NASA biography
- Astronautix biography of William R. Pogue
- Spacefacts biography of William R. Pogue
- Template:IMDb name
- About William R. Pogue
- Pogue at Spaceacts
- Pogue at Encyclopedia of Science
- Voices of Oklahoma interview with William Pogue. First person interview conducted with William Pogue on August 8, 2012. Original audio and transcript archived with Voices of Oklahoma oral history project.
- W at Find a Grave
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